Traffic rules and regulations is one of the various channels government is using to reduce crashes, ensure free flow of traffic and Improve road safety awareness.
The Traffic Rules
The traffic rules are guides devised to ensure smooth flow of traffic and to avoid road accident.
The traffic regulations are set of laws guiding the use of the road. In any giving society, traffic laws are made to curtail road users excesses, avoid road accidents and to make the roads safe.
Road Crash Or Road Traffic Accident
It refers to a crash involving road user(s) such as vehicle, pedestrian, animal, rider or with another stationary object. Road accident can be classified into fatal, serious and minor accident. Road accident Constitute major cause of death, injury and loss of property in many developing countries.
Traffic Regulations (Laws) in USA
All over the world, there are road traffic rules and regulations guiding the use of roads to avoid drivers excesses because non-existence of these laws means chaos. In United States of America for instance, certain Acts have been enacted to guide the use of the roads which includes; The Nation Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act(pub. L . 89-563) was enacted in the year 1966. Also, The National Highway Safety Bureau which is now The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
Traffic Regulations In Nigeria
Road traffic rules and regulations in Nigeria are contained in these books mentioned below.
- FRSC (ESTABLISHMENT) ACT, 2007
- NATIONAL ROAD TRAFFIC REGULATIONS(NRTR), 2012
- FEDERAL HIGHWAY ACT
- POLICE ACT
- INSURANCE ACT
- THE LAW OF CONTRACT
- CHANGE OVER ACT
THE NRTR Part x Section 90:
Maximum hours of Driving
- No person shall drive, cause or permit any person employed by him to drive any vehicle; Not more than 10 hrs in 24hrs. If duration exceeds 8hours, the driver shall have intervals of rest of not less than 30mins in every 3hour of the said journey.
- Any person who acts in contravention of this regulation commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of #20,000(twenty thousand naira)
Part xi Section 94:
Loading of vehicle
- No person shall permit the loading or off-loading of any passenger or goods from any motor vehicle except at designated locations.
- No motor vehicle shall have protruding or tailing loads and all loads shall be contained within the permissible dimensions of the vehicle
No motor vehicle shall have it load spilling such that it causes danger to other road users or litters the highway and all such load shall be adequately covered
FRSC (Establishment) Act, 2007 Part III Provision-Offence and Miscellaneous Section 20
- A person who causes the death of another person by driving of a motor vehicle on a highway dangerous or recklessly
- Imprisonment for a term not exceeding 7 years
Section 21 Subsection (1)
- A person who drives a motor vehicle on a highway dangerously or recklessly shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction of #50,000(fifty thousand naira) fine, 2 years imprisonment or both.
- If upon the trial of a person for an offence against section 20, the court is not satisfied that the person driving was the cause of the death but is satisfied that he is guilty of dangerous /reckless driving, the court may convict the person accordingly.
Section 23 Subsection (1)
- A person shall not drive on a highway a motor vehicle of any class or description unless he is the holder of a valid driver’s licence
- A person who acts in contravention of subsection (1) of this section shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a #10,000 fine.
- A person who while driving on a highway is in possession of a forged drivers license or documents shall be guilty of an offence and be liable on conviction to a fine of #20,000
Section 25 Subsection (1)
- In the case of accident on the highway the driver or person involved shall immediately or as soon as practicable report to the nearest FRSC office or police station for appropriate action.
- Any person who fails to comply with subsection(1) of this section shall be guilty of an offence and be liable on conviction to a fine of #20,000
These traffic laws and fines are codified and accompanied by sanctions to serve as deterrent to other perpetrators or intending offenders