According to WHO, approximately 1.5 million people die each year as a result of road crashes. About 93% of the world fatalities on the roads occur in low and middle income countries. Though these countries have about 60% of the world’s vehicle. Also that road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death for children and young adults aged 5-29 years. Among all the road users, it is the pedestrian, cyclists and motorcyclists that suffer more than half of all road traffic deaths. Road safety tips for all is about outlining the various road safety tips to reduce the number of road traffic crash death and injuries.
Road Safety Tips For Driving
- Don’t use your phone while driving
- Don’t drive dangerously or recklessly on the road
- Obey traffic rules and regulations
- Don’t overload your vehicle with passengers or goods
- For a journey of 8 hours or more, the driver must observe a rest of not less than 30 minutes for every 3 hours of the journey.
- Don’t drive without the appropriate drivers license. Or drive with a forged document
- Ensure you have good eye sight. If not, go for correction.
- Don’t cause obstruction on public road
- Be physically fit
- Drive carefully at night and in poor weather condition if you must. But try to avoid weather that can bring about crash
- Signal properly and on time
- Don’t over speed
- Learn and acquire knowledge to perform new things. Not just to obtain drivers license. To understand the traffic mechanism as a whole and especially how to save life and that of others while driving
- Don’t blame other drivers for your mistakes while driving
- overtake correctly. Ensure your brakes are very active and horn.
- Don’t drive under stress or tiredness to avoid crash
- Avoid aggression and intolerance while driving
- Don’t drive a faulty vehicle. And ensure your vehicle meets safety standard.
- Ensure proper maintenance of the vehicle you are using. Poor maintenance culture has led to many road crashes-related deaths
- Drive defensively by assuming that other road users are not as sane as you are.
- Obey roundabout driving rules
- Don’t drive with worn out tyre or without spare tyre.
- Ensure you drive with a specified fire extinguisher
- Don’t drive without using seatbelt and any occupant of the vehicle should use it too.
- Drivers should know that pedestrian crossing at intersection always have the right of way
- Watch out for animal crossing the road
- Don’t drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs
- You should ensure a clean windscreen
- Watch it and avoid engaging in road rage
- Ensure directional and rear light are in good working conditions
- Tailgating is bad. Don’t do it.
- Avoid picking strangers
- Park your vehicle appropriately to avoid damaging
- Give enough gap while coming behind a heavy duty truck
- Don’t execute a U-turn around any place where other drivers can not see your vehicle from about 200 meters away
- Never assume that other drivers are as skillful and observant as you.
- Always be prepared for unexpected and unsignalled stopping
- Beware of unsolicited favours.
Road Safety Tips For Motorcycle And Tricycle
- Don’t ride motorcycles (except power bikes) on highway or expressway
- Don’t ride a motorcycle without a crash helmet
- While riding on the road be careful because air pressure of other vehicle can affect motorcyclist, take care
- Riders and pillions must avoid wearing flowing garments
- Riders of a tricycle must not meander in the traffic
- Don’t compete with other vehicles moving on the road.
- Tricycles are not allowed to ply the expressway
- The rider must not share his seat with passenger
- Avoid carrying over-sized object
Safety Tips For Pedal Cyclist
- Avoid riding too close to a moving vehicle
- Where there is a bicycle path, use it
- Bicycles are not to be use on highway and expressway
- Riders must wear cycle helmet while riding
- Bicycle riders are not expected to carry a passenger except if it is designed to do so
Pedestrian Safety Tips
- Pedestrian are to walk on the side of the road facing traffic
- Pedestrians crossing intersections have the right of way, drivers should know that.
Road Safety Tips For The Child
- Don’t carry children on your lap
- Children above seven years of age should sit at the back seat of a vehicle, facing the front and must be with their seatbelts
- While walking with a child, hold the child at your left hand while facing the traffic.