Casualty handling involves how to handle an accident victim to avoid further damage. However in any cases requiring medical emergency, medical treatment, call to request for a medical assistance immediately.
Casualty Handling: Categories of injuries
Bleeding casualty handling
Nose and ear: tilt affected part to avoid blockage and allow blood to flow freely.
Capillary and vein: use ice block on the affected area Skull injury: aerating pod is to be used in case of depressed injury.
Types of bleeding.
Internal bleeding and external bleeding Minor-cuts lacerations, punctures, abrasions. Wash the wounds with soap and water. Rinse the wounds well and cover it with clean dressing. Major- is when the wound is large, deep and bleeding. Blood from artery is bright and spurs. Sign of bleeding: Restlessness, weakened pulse, thirst, cold, yawning, dizzy, gasping,.
Treatment: Stop the bleeding by pressing directly on the wound using a bandage or cloth. Keep pressing on the wound until medical help reached.
Types of broken bones
Fracture: Simple fracture- Sureface not broken Compound fracture– Bone has pierced the skin Complicated fracture– Bone charted and important organs been affected Special fracture- Cranium is affected. Signs of fracture- Unconsciousness, inability to move, dislocations, probably paralysis. Treatment– Do not move the victim unless it is absolutely necessary. Use gauze to cover affected part. If the victim must be moved, splint the injured part, that is immobilize the affected area.
Dislocation: Dislocation can be of the bones, muscle injury and joint or ligament injury. Signs/effects of dislocation-The patient will be unable to move the joint, swell of joint can also occur. Treatment- Cold water can be used on the victims affected area. Do not pull the bone by force. Massage and use cold compress and deep heat
Types of burns/scares
Superficial- The burns is on the surface, not deep. Deep- The deep burns destroye muscles and nerves. Therminal- rinse the burn area and without scrubbing it and immense in cold water. Do not use iced. Dry the area and cover it using sterile gauze or a clean cloth. Chemical- Flush the exposed area with cool water immediately for 15 to 20 minutes. Scares– For moist heat, steam or hot oil. Don’t open the blisters, the effects of heat should be reduced, replaced lost fluid by giving the victim soft drink, diluted milk, etc.
Neck and spinal injury
Spines injury can be difficult to handle and it needs extra care. Upon suspecting that the victim is finding it difficult to move. Don’t move the victim unless if it is very necessary
Small particle– Small particle entered the eye. Do not rub your eyes. Use the extreme of a clean soft cloth to draw particles out. Or you can hold your eye lid and flush eyes with clean water.
Large/struck particles- Do not attempt to remove a particle that stuck in the eye. Just cover both eyes with bandages. Seek for medical attention.
Chemical– Water the eyes immediately and under the eyelids for about 30 minutes.
For more information read Casualty Handling Rules And First Aid