Alcohol Intoxication Phases

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Alcohol as defined earlier in the “effects of alcohol on driving”, is a product used to modify status of a person for the benefit of the recipient. Also, it is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant. Alcohol intoxication phases can manifest in both physiological and psychological dimensions. Depicting the degree with which the central nervous system function is impaired. However, this is directly proportional to the concentration of alcohol in the blood. With the increase in blood alcohol Concentration, the person response to stimuli decreases remarkably.

Alcohol Intoxication phases And Psychological Effects

Phase 1: Sub clinical

BAC(g/100ml of blood): 0.01 – 0.05 Clinical symptoms: Behaviour nearly normal

Phase 2: Euphoria

Alcohol Intoxication phases on euphoria

BAC: 0.03 – 0.12 Clinical symptoms: Mild euphoria, increased self-confidence, talkativeness, sociability. Diminision of attention, judgments and control, beginning of sensory-motor impairment, loss of efficiency.

Phase 3: Excitement

BAC: 0.09 – 0.25 Clinical symptoms: impairment of perception memory and comprehension, emotional instability, decrease sensory response. Reduction time, peripheral vision and glare recovery, sensory-motor in-coordination, impaired balance, drowsiness.

Phase 4: Confusion

Alcohol Intoxication phases on confusion

BAC: 0.18 – 0.30 Clinical symptoms: Mental confusion, dizziness, disorientation, exaggerated emotional status, disturbances of vision and of perceptions of colours, form, motion and dimensions, increased pain threshold, increased muscular in-coordination, staggering gait, slurred speech, apathy

Phase 5: Stupor

Alcohol Intoxication phases showing a driver that got himself to Stupor

BAC: 0.25 – 0.40 Clinical symptoms: General inertia, approaching loss of motor functions. Usually decreased response to stimuli, muscular in-coordination, inability to stand or walk, vomiting; impaired consciousness, sleep

Phase 6: Coma

BAC: 0.35 – 0.50 Clinical symptoms: Complete unconsciousness, depressed or abolished reflexes, subnormal body temperature, incontinence, impairment of circulation and respiratory, possible death

Phase 7: Death

A crash scene with someone lying lifeless on the ground signifying death.

BAC: 0.45 and above Clinical symptoms: Death from respiratory arrest

Alcohol Intoxication Effects On Body Parts

Blood: Changes in red blood cells Brian: Loss of memory, confusion, hallucinations Genitals: Impotence, shrinking of testicles, damage to unborn child (fetus) Heart: High blood pressure, irregular pulse, enlarged heart Intestines: Inflammation, bleeding Liver: Severe swelling and pain, inflamed liver (hepatitis), cirrhosis, liver cancer Lungs: Infection including tuberculosis Muscles: Weakness, loss of muscle tissue Nervous system: Tagline and loss of sensation in hands and feet Pancreas: Painful inflammation Skin: Sweating, bleeding Stomach: Lining becomes inflamed, bleeding, ulcer

Good to know that alcohol can be absorbe into the blood stream at different rates by different individuals depending on age and gender. Finally, it should be borne in mind that repeated excessive drinking will eventually damage all the body parts indicated above.

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