Alcohol as defined earlier in the “effects of alcohol on driving”, is a product used to modify status of a person for the benefit of the recipient. Also, it is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant. Alcohol intoxication phases can manifest in both physiological and psychological dimensions. Depicting the degree with which the central nervous system function is impaired. However, this is directly proportional to the concentration of alcohol in the blood. With the increase in blood alcohol Concentration, the person response to stimuli decreases remarkably.
Alcohol Intoxication phases And Psychological Effects
Phase 1: Sub clinical
BAC(g/100ml of blood): 0.01 – 0.05 Clinical symptoms: Behaviour nearly normal
Phase 2: Euphoria
BAC: 0.03 – 0.12 Clinical symptoms: Mild euphoria, increased self-confidence, talkativeness, sociability. Diminision of attention, judgments and control, beginning of sensory-motor impairment, loss of efficiency.
Phase 3: Excitement
BAC: 0.09 – 0.25 Clinical symptoms: impairment of perception memory and comprehension, emotional instability, decrease sensory response. Reduction time, peripheral vision and glare recovery, sensory-motor in-coordination, impaired balance, drowsiness.
Phase 4: Confusion
BAC: 0.18 – 0.30 Clinical symptoms: Mental confusion, dizziness, disorientation, exaggerated emotional status, disturbances of vision and of perceptions of colours, form, motion and dimensions, increased pain threshold, increased muscular in-coordination, staggering gait, slurred speech, apathy
Phase 5: Stupor
BAC: 0.25 – 0.40 Clinical symptoms: General inertia, approaching loss of motor functions. Usually decreased response to stimuli, muscular in-coordination, inability to stand or walk, vomiting; impaired consciousness, sleep
Phase 6: Coma
BAC: 0.35 – 0.50 Clinical symptoms: Complete unconsciousness, depressed or abolished reflexes, subnormal body temperature, incontinence, impairment of circulation and respiratory, possible death
Phase 7: Death
BAC: 0.45 and above Clinical symptoms: Death from respiratory arrest
Alcohol Intoxication Effects On Body Parts
Blood: Changes in red blood cells Brian: Loss of memory, confusion, hallucinations Genitals: Impotence, shrinking of testicles, damage to unborn child (fetus) Heart: High blood pressure, irregular pulse, enlarged heart Intestines: Inflammation, bleeding Liver: Severe swelling and pain, inflamed liver (hepatitis), cirrhosis, liver cancer Lungs: Infection including tuberculosis Muscles: Weakness, loss of muscle tissue Nervous system: Tagline and loss of sensation in hands and feet Pancreas: Painful inflammation Skin: Sweating, bleeding Stomach: Lining becomes inflamed, bleeding, ulcer
Good to know that alcohol can be absorbe into the blood stream at different rates by different individuals depending on age and gender. Finally, it should be borne in mind that repeated excessive drinking will eventually damage all the body parts indicated above.